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An influential thinker, Metz is noted for his pioneering work in cine-semiotics (film as a system of signs) has not only been of lasting importance to an understanding of how meaning in the cinema is made, but--by linking film studies to an established critical discipline like semiotics--helped solidify the place of cinema studies as a "serious" academic discipline in American universities.
Metz brought his background in linguistics to bear on film theory in "Essais sur la signification au cinema" (two volumes, published 1968 and 1972, with the first translated into English as "Film Language: A Semiotics of the Cinema" in 1974); he embraced a broader, more cultural and historical approach in "Language and Cinema" (1974, originally published in French in 1971) and began to incorporate psychoanalytic theory into his work in "The Imaginary Signifier" (1982, originally published in French in 1977).
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