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Howard Hawks

Howard Hawks

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Also Known As: Howard Winchester Hawks Died: December 26, 1977
Born: May 30, 1896 Cause of Death: complications from broken hip after tripping over dog
Birth Place: Goshen, Indiana, USA Profession: director, producer, screenwriter, cutter, casting director, racecar driver, property boy, assistant director, story editor, plane designer, pilot

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Viewed as a competent director of successful genre pictures at the height of his career, Howard Hawks later came to be recognized as one of the greatest American filmmakers of the Hollywood studio era. After receiving his start in silent movies, Hawks worked in nearly every film genre imaginable, and collaborated with the greatest acting and writing talent of the day. "Scarface" (1932), scripted by Ben Hecht, set the standard for the gangster film, while the Cary Grant vehicles "Bringing Up Baby" (1938) and "His Girl Friday" (1940), as well as the Carole Lombard classic "Twentieth Century" (1934) became three of the most often imitated screwball comedies of all time. The wartime biopic "Sergeant York" (1941) earned Gary Cooper an Oscar and the drama "To Have and Have Not" (1944) introduced the world to the onscreen combo of Bogie and Bacall. Hawks worked with the likes of literary legend William Faulkner on the film noir "The Big Sleep" (1946) and forever altered the genre of science fiction with his terrifying production of "The Thing from Another World" (1951). The director boosted the careers of such screen icons as Marilyn Monroe in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" (1953) and reunited time and again...

Viewed as a competent director of successful genre pictures at the height of his career, Howard Hawks later came to be recognized as one of the greatest American filmmakers of the Hollywood studio era. After receiving his start in silent movies, Hawks worked in nearly every film genre imaginable, and collaborated with the greatest acting and writing talent of the day. "Scarface" (1932), scripted by Ben Hecht, set the standard for the gangster film, while the Cary Grant vehicles "Bringing Up Baby" (1938) and "His Girl Friday" (1940), as well as the Carole Lombard classic "Twentieth Century" (1934) became three of the most often imitated screwball comedies of all time. The wartime biopic "Sergeant York" (1941) earned Gary Cooper an Oscar and the drama "To Have and Have Not" (1944) introduced the world to the onscreen combo of Bogie and Bacall. Hawks worked with the likes of literary legend William Faulkner on the film noir "The Big Sleep" (1946) and forever altered the genre of science fiction with his terrifying production of "The Thing from Another World" (1951). The director boosted the careers of such screen icons as Marilyn Monroe in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" (1953) and reunited time and again with favored screenwriter Leigh Brackett on projects like the influential John Wayne Western "Rio Bravo" (1959). Telling his stories in a deceptively straightforward manner that belied the subtle artistry of his work, Hawks produced rousing adventures in which men were bound together by adversity, and raucous comedies, wherein the male's orderly world was hilariously undone by the free-spirited, sharp-tongued woman. Finally acknowledged for his contributions to film with an honorary Academy Award late in life, Hawks was more importantly recognized as a master craftsman by such auteur directors as Peter Bogdanovich, Brian de Palma and John Carpenter, whose admiration of Hawks exposed new generations to the varied works of the long undervalued filmmaker.

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Filmographyclose complete filmography

DIRECTOR:

1.
  Rio Lobo (1970) Director
2.
  El Dorado (1967) Director
3.
  Red Line 7000 (1965) Director
4.
  Man's Favorite Sport? (1964) Director
5.
  Hatari! (1962) Director
6.
  Rio Bravo (1959) Director
7.
  Land of the Pharaohs (1955) Director
8.
9.
  Monkey Business (1952) Director
10.
  The Big Sky (1952) Director

CAST: (feature film)

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Milestones close milestones

1906:
Moved to California with family
1917:
Began career as prop boy for Famous Players-Lasky
1917:
Joined US Army Air Corps as flying instructor
1922:
First short film as director and screenwriter (self-financed)
1923:
First feature film as producer and writer (story only), "Quicksands"
1924:
Ran story department for Famous Players
1926:
Moved to Fox, made feature film directing debut with "The Road to Glory"
1930:
First sound film, "The Dawn Patrol"
1938:
Made first of five films with Cary Grant, "Bringing Up Baby"
1943:
Produced first film which he did not direct, the war film "Corvette K-225", directed by Richard Rosson
1948:
Made first of five films with John Wayne, "Red River"
1952:
Made last of five films with Cary Grant, "Monkey Business"
1970:
Directed last film, "Rio Lobo" (also his last film with John Wayne)
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Education

Pasadena High School: Pasadena , California -
Cornell University: Ithaca , New York -
Phillips Exeter Academy: Exeter , New Hampshire -

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Athole Hawks. Married in 1924; divorced in 1941; sister of film star Norma Shearer; had recurring mental health problems.
wife:
Nancy Raye Gross. Writer. Married in December 1941; divorced in 1947; mother of Hawks' daughter Kitty.
wife:
Mary Dee Hartford. Actor. Married in February 1953.

Family close complete family listing

brother:
Kenneth Hawks. Director. Killed in plane crash 1930.
brother:
William Hawks. Producer.
sister-in-law:
Norma Shearer. Actor. During his first marriage from 1924-1941.
daughter:
Kitty Hawks. Mother, Nancy Gross.
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

Bibliography close complete biography

"Focus on Howard Hawks" Prentice-Hall
"Howard Hawks: American Artist" BFI
"Howard Hawks: The Grey Fox of Hollywood" Grove Press

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