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According to Hollywood Reporter, this film was originally scheduled to be developed, produced and directed by Ford Beebe, but there is no indication that he had any involvement in the released film. The Dalton Brothers gang, which operated in Kansas and Oklahoma, comprised Grattan Dalton (1865-1892), Robert Dalton (1870-1892), Emmett Dalton (1871-1937) and Bill Doolin (1858-1896). After first serving as peace officers, the Dalton brothers turned to a life of crime, starting as horse thieves. In 1892, they graduated to holding up trains and banks, and by the end of the year, they planned a double bank raid in Coffeyville, Kansas. Authorities anticipated their arrival, however, and opened fire on them. As depicted in the film, Grat and Bob were killed and Emmett was captured and imprisoned. Doolin did not participate in the raid, and later, a fourth Dalton brother, Bill (1866-1895), also became an outlaw, joining Doolin's newly formed gang. Three years later, Bill was shot by a posse while hiding in his home.
Upon his release from prison in 1907, Emmett started a crusade for penal reform and dabbled in motion picture making and writing. Emmett's first film, a short titled The Last Stand of the Daltons, was released in 1912 and was advertised as a realistic portrayal of the Old West. [According to modern sources, a fake version of the short appeared in theaters in 1914.] In 1918, Emmett's 1916 novel Beyond the Law was made into a six-reel film of the same name and was produced by his company, Southern Feature Film Corp. (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1911-20; F1.0317). In that film, which was directed by Theodore Marston, Emmett portrays not only himself, but brothers Bob and Frank (the eldest Dalton) as well. Many other films based on the lives of the Dalton brothers, or featuring them as characters, have been produced. In 1940, Universal made When the Daltons Rode, directed by George Marshall and starring Randolph Scott and Kay Francis (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40; F3.5051). Some contemporary reviewers referred to The Daltons Ride Again as a sequel to When the Daltons Rode. In 1957, United Artists released The Dalton Girls, directed by Reginald LeBorg and starring Merry Anders and Penny Edwards.