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The working title of this film was Quantrell's [sic] Raiders. Onscreen credits include the following written foreword: "1865. In the South the Confederacy lay dying of the wounds Sherman slashed in the Valley of the Shenandoah. Northern armies pressed toward the inevitable victory....But in the vast no-man's-land of the West, Fate still hung in the balance. There, a last incredibly daring dream of Southern victory was attempted in the Battle of Red Mountain, by General Quantrell [sic], Confederate hero, fanatical soldier and master of guerilla [sic] warfare." Quantrill's name is misspelled "Quantrell" in the foreword and in all production news items, reviews and publicity. Unlike what is presented in the film, the real William C. Quantrill died in Kentucky during a surprise attack by Union guerrillas. For more information about the Confederate officer, see entry for the 1940 Republic release Dark Command in AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40. Screen Achievements Bulletin incorrectly listed the source of the film as a play by George F. Slavin and George W. George.
Hollywood Reporter news items and Paramount publicity items add the following information about the production: In January 1950, producer Hal Wallis announced that Burt Lancaster and Wendell Corey, who had co-starred in three of Wallis' late 1940s films, including Sorry, Wrong Number (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1941-50), had been cast in Red Mountain. John Ireland replaced Corey in late October 1950, when Corey developed a liver infection. Gilbert Roland and Charlton Heston were also announced as possible cast members, but did not appear in the final film. Location shooting took place near Gallup, NM, at six different camps. Navajo Indians from a nearby reservation were recruited as extras, and Chief Long Bow, a full-blooded Pueblo Indian, acted as translator.
During shooting, John Farrow took over direction for a few days when William Dieterle was stricken with a virus infection. The following actors were announced as cast members in Hollywood Reporter: George Lewis, Ralph Gomez, Forest Burns, Pete Dunn, Danny Fisher, Donald House, Tim Nelson, Marcella Mae Becker, Louise Dale, Sally Durkus, Kenneth Cooper, Charles Hayward, Nick Nicoll, Ann Gallant, Rosita Richards, Opal Taylor, Robert Metz, Sarah Weissburg, Donald McGuire, Malna Mills, Charles Quirk, Willard Willingham, Leo Sulky, Rex Moore, James Cornell, Joe Gray, Jack Harvey, Bob Ridley, Danny Sands and Earl Spainard. Their appearance in the final film has not been confirmed.